Sandburg's Hometown

July 7, 2014

Reverend Tuve Nilsson Hasselqvist, Pastor, First Lutheran Church, Galesburg, IL.
Reverend Tuve Nillson Hasselquist

The Rev. T.N. Hasselquist

by Barbara Schock

August Sandburg read the weekly newspaper, Hemlandet, which was published in his native Swedish. The title of the publication meant homeland. To many Swedish immigrants in the Midwest it was a comfort reading in the language they learned as children. The newspaper provided religious news, as well as information about Sweden and the United States.


Hemlandet was the first Swedish-American newspaper in the United States. It began in Galesburg in 1855. The Reverend Tuve Nilsson Hasselquist founded the publication and the Swedish Lutheran Publication Society while serving as pastor of the Lutheran Church in Galesburg.


Hemlandet and the publishing house were moved to Chicago in 1859. P.A. Sundelius became editor in the late 1860s and changed the paper's coverage to less emphasis on denominational matters with more discussion of general political issues.


Hasselquist was born in Hasselröd, Osby Municpality in Skåne County, Sweden. After graduating from Lund University, he was ordained as a clergyman in the Church of Sweden. In 1852 he emigrated to America to serve the Swedish Lutheran Mission in Illinois. His passage was paid by a group of sixty immigrants on the ship. He served as their pastor while crossing the Atlantic.


As a missionary, Dr. Hasselquist traveled on foot, on horseback and  by stagecoach to establish churches across northern Illinois for Swedish immigrants. He was a rugged individual with a full beard. He could sing and tell stories. He believed in the printed word. Carl Sandburg called him “a natural persuader of men.”:


Hasselquist loved music and placed one of the first pianos in Galesburg in his home. Members of his church pointed with pride to this fact.


He was also a temperance advocate. He had spoken on the subject to groups outside the church. The leaders of the church in Sweden frowned on this outspokenness. More than likely Pastor Hasselquist had seen the destruction of families and loss of church members because of drunkenness.


Several Swedish Lutheran clergymen founded the Augustana Synod in 1860 and Hasselquist became its president and served until 1870. In 1863, he became the second president of Augustana College and remained in that position until his death in 1891. He taught a number of courses while fulfilling his presidential responsibilities.


Augustana College was founded in Chicago in 1860 as a seminary. It was moved to Paxton, Illinois,  because the Swedes had been offered land by the Illinois-Central Railroad for an agrarian colony. The colony was not successful. By 1875 the school had  become a liberal arts college and was moved to Rock Island. There were eight professors and ninety students. Two years later the first undergraduate degrees were awarded. The institution was more centrally located for the many Swedish-American Lutherans then living in western Illinois.


Sandburg's Hometown
Date Title
July 7, 2014 The Rev. T. N. Hasselquist
June 30, 2014 The Knox County Courthouse
June 23, 2014 The Family Photograph Album
June 16, 2014 Parades
June 9, 2014 Lingonberries
June 2, 2014 Where We Live
May 26, 2014 Old Main
May 19, 2014 Rhythms of the Railroad
May 12, 2014 Spring Tonic
May 5, 2014 The Milkmen
April 28, 2014 Gray's "Elegy..."
April 21, 2014 Off to War
April 14, 2014 Swedish Easter
April 7, 2014 A Father's Face
March 31, 2014 Secret Societies
March 24, 2014 George A. Murdock, Merchant
March 10, 2014 Trade Cards
March 3, 2014 The Demorest Medal
February 24, 2014 Rip Van Winkle
February 17, 2014 Cabbage Soup
February 10, 2014 Lincoln's Birthday
February 3, 2014  The Colonel
January 27, 2014 The Lincoln Penny - A Little History
January 20, 2014 Walking to Work
January 13, 2014  A Small Abode
January 6, 2014 Birth of a Poet
December 30, 2013 Christmas 1880
December 23, 2013 Swedish Christmas
December 16, 2013 The Reporter Sees Santa
December 9, 2013 The Coming of Christmas
December 2, 2013 The Fire Boys Talk
November 25, 2013 Galesburg Will Feast on Turkeys and Cranberries - Thanksgiving 1893
November 18, 2013  Mary Sandburg Johnson
November 11, 2013 Carl Sandburg's Bicycle
November 4, 2013  Lace Curtains 
October 28, 2013 The Front Room
October 21, 2013 A Warm Breakfast
October 14, 2013 Marion D. Shutter
October 7, 2013 Cigars and Consumption
September 30, 2013 Forrest F. Cooke & August Sandburg
September 16, 2013 Forrest F. Cooke, Mayor
September 9, 2013 Dusty Streets
September 2, 2013 Typhoid Fever
August 26, 2013 Coffee and Water
August 19, 2013 A Horse! A Horse!
August 12, 2013 Gaddial Scott
August 5, 2013 The Racetrack
July 29, 2013 John Peter Algeld - Part II
July 22, 2013 John Peter Altgeld - Part I
July 15, 2013 Tramps, Tramps, Tramps
July 8, 2013 Lady Liberty
July 1, 2013 Galesburg's Fourth
June 24, 2013 John H. Finley
June 17, 2013 The World's Columbian Exhibition
June 10, 2013 Fruit Short-Cake
June 3, 2013 Horatio Alger, Author
May 27, 2013 Memorial Day, 1887
May 20, 2013 Professor Jon W. Grubb
May 13, 2013 Beginnings of Lombard University
May 6, 2013 Young Sandburg’s View of Lombard College
April 29, 2013 Thinking
April 22, 2013 Robert Colville, Master Mechanic
April 15, 2013 The Galesburg Opera House
April 8, 2013 Grocery Stores and Sample Rooms
April 1, 2013  A Hearty  Breakfast 
March 25, 2013  The Lost Wallpaper Legend 
March 18, 2013 Martin G. Sandburg
March 4, 2013 The Edison Talking Machine
February 25, 2013 Joe Elser, Civil War Veteran
February 18, 2013 Remember the Maine...
February 11, 2013 Lincoln's Birthday
February 4, 2013 Curiosity